Laparoscopic Surgery, also known as Key-hole surgery or minimally invasive surgery, is a surgical procedure to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It involves the use of an instrument called a Laparoscope, which is inserted through tiny incisions in the abdominal wall. The laparoscope is a long, thin instrument fitted with a light source and a high-resolution camera at one end. This helps in capturing the images inside the abdomen and sending it to a video monitor.
This technique helps in faster recovery from surgery, as it requires few tiny incisions instead of a big one. This translates to lesser time spent in the hospital by the patient, reduced chances of haemorrhaging and post-operative scarring, reduced need for medications and fewer complications, as there is no need to slice through the muscles to perform the surgery.
Some commonly performed operations include:
- Removal of the appendix
- Removal of diseased organs such as gall bladder
- Removal of a part of the intestines
- Removal of kidney in a living donor
- Female sterilisation
- To examine the different organs such as liver or pancreas for cancerous tumours