Manipal Centre For Sleep And Breathing
Overview Of Sleep Apnea
One of the conditions which adversely affect our sleep is Sleep Apnea. It is a serious disorder where a person’s breathing is interrupted for a brief period of time, several times in a night. This can result in a reduced oxygen supply to the blood and subsequently to the brain of the person, which in turn can disrupt the normal bodily functions. Sleep apnea can result in a wide range of complications, such as high blood pressure, heart failure, diabetes, depression, headaches etc.
There are 3 types of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): This is the most common kind of sleep apnea, where the airway is partially or completely blocked during sleep. This hampers the airflow to the lungs and leads to a reduction in blood oxygen levels. It may be caused due to a deviated septum, obesity, tonsillitis or the basic jaw structure.
- Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): It usually occurs in people with a history of cardiac or cerebrovascular disease. In this case, the brain does not send the signal to breathe to the muscles.
- Mixed Sleep Apnea (a.k.a. Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome): This is a combination of OSA and CSA
Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea
Some common symptoms of sleep apnea are:
- Loud snoring
- Restless sleep
- Frequent awakenings, either to go to the bathroom or for a glass of water
- Occasionally waking up with choking or gasping sensation
- Excessive fatigue/ drowsiness during daytime
- Morning headaches
- Depression or Irritability
- Falling asleep during routine activities
Benefits Of Effective Treatment
After getting diagnosed with sleep apnea, a course correction towards an accurate treatment is the next plan of action on the cards. This procedure, also known as Continuous Positive Airway (CPAP) Therapy is particularly beneficial for patients with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. CPAP can protect a person from the serious consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. The treatment can help protect you from the following health risks:
- Improved Cardiac Health: Sleep apnea is detrimental to our heart and is the trigger for various heart diseases because of the repeated disruptions in the breathing patterns of an individual. Some of the heart problems include congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, irregular heart beat etc. Consistent CPAP can reduce the risks of such debilitating problems.
- Reduce the chances of a Stroke: A stroke is a sudden loss of brain function which occurs due to the repetitive drops in oxygen levels in patients suffering from sleep apnea and stresses the heart and the brain. People with untreated sleep apnea are more likely to have a stroke.
- Hypertension: CPAP therapy addresses the breathing problems that occur during sleep which can raise blood pressure.
- Diabetes: CPAP therapy can enhance the insulin sensitivity and reduce glucose intolerance, which reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Emotional Stability: CPAP can improve the mood of an individual and reduce the risk of depression, improving the overall quality of life.
The Right Approach To Treat Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea can significantly worsen the quality of life as it adversely affects your health, work and relationships. Some of the treatment options which are beneficial are as follows:
- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy is the most highly recommended treatment prescribed for people suffering from sleep apnea. In this treatment, a gentle flow of air is provided directly through your nose and mouth using a mask to prevent the upper airway collapse. This facilitates easier breathing during sleep.
- Oral breathing devices: These can be worn at night to make breathing easier, thus ensuring adequate supply of oxygen to the blood and the brain. An example of such a device is a nasal dilator.
- Consult a somnologist: Medical professionals who specialize in treating sleep-related disorders can provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan, based on the severity of the ailment.
- Lifestyle changes: Reducing obesity, being more active etc. can help in curing this disease by facilitating an easier airflow into our lungs and brain.
Facilities Offered At Manipal Centre For Sleep And Breathing
- The facility will offer comprehensive, evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment plan to address particular needs of the patient who are suffering from sleep and breathing disorders. Sleep and breathing disorders are often interconnected so it makes good sense to bring a set of facilities and expertise together under one roof.
- The benefits of a ‘one-stop-Care’ for patients are timely treatment and an integrated approach. Diagnosis is supported by extensive on-site testing while the provision of specialist-led therapies delivers high-quality holistic care.
- Technical term for sleep testing is polysomnogram (PSG), which consists of monitoring several parameters simultaneously on a polygraph.
- The parameters most frequently monitored are EEG,EOG (Eye Movement) ,ECG, Chin EMG (Muscle activity),bilateral anterior tibilis(Legs) EMG, nasal/oral airflow, abdominal and thoracic effort and SaO2.
- These parameters are monitored while the subject is sleeping in order to rule out sleep disorders such as sleep apnea syndromes.
- The latest technologies offer computerized polysomnography for increased storage capacity, flexibility and cost savings. Typically outpatient procedures, polysomnograms are performed in sleep rooms set up to simulate a home like atmosphere.
- The patient is monitored throughout the night and then the test results are analysed and interpreted.
- Patients will be evaluated thoroughly to understand the underlying causes using supportive studies such as pulmonary function testing and chest x-ray, as well as CT scanning of the lungs, if necessary regular follow-up, education, and compliance will be strongly emphasized.
TheManipal Centre for Sleep and Breathing has the most comprehensive pulmonary and sleep diagnostic suite, which comprises of the most advanced sleep lab in the region with In-lab technician attending comprehensive sleep testing and advanced Omni-Lab with complete titration capability.